The Journal of Sports Sciences has compiled a special issue on Parasport classification.

The link to the special issue can be found from

The papers in this issue include;


1-6  Classifying the evidence for evidence-based classification in Paralympic sport.

Mann, David L.

Tweedy, Sean M.

Jackson, Robin C.

Vanlandewijck, Yves C.


7-18 Challenges and opportunities in wheelchair basketball classification– A Delphi study.

Fliess Douer, Osnat

Koseff, Davidah

Tweedy, Sean

Molik, Bartosz

Vanlandewijck, Yves


19-29 Conceptual model of sport-specific classification for para-athletes with intellectual impairment.

Van Biesen, Debbie

Burns, Jan

Mactavish, Jennifer

Van de Vliet, Peter

Vanlandewijck, Yves


30-39 Expert opinion on classification for footballers with vision impairment: Towards evidence-based minimum impairment criteria.

Runswick, Oliver R.

Ravensbergen, Rianne H. J. C.

Allen, Peter M.

Mann, David L.


40-61 Measures of impairment applicable to the classification of Paralympic athletes competing in wheelchair sports: A systematic review of validity, reliability and associations with performance.

Hutchinson, Michael J.

Phillips, Jamie-Lee K.

Mason, Barry S.

Goosey-Tolfrey, Victoria L.

Beckman, Emma M.


62-72 Improving the objectivity of the current World Para Swimming motor coordination test for swimmers with hypertonia, ataxia and athetosis using measures of movement smoothness, rhythm and accuracy.

Maia, Ana Carolina

Hogarth, Luke

Burkett, Brendan

Payton, Carl


73-80 Establishing the reliability of instrumented trunk impairment assessment methods to enable evidence-based classification in Para swimming.

Smith, Rachel

Connick, Mark

Beckman, Emma

Hogarth, Luke

Nicholson, Vaughan


81-90 Does sports-specific training improve measures of impairment developed for para sport classification? A multiple-baseline, single-case experiment.

Wilson, Paula J

Connick, Mark J

Dutia, Iain M

Beckman, Emma M

Macaro, Angelo

Tweedy, Sean M


91-98 Validation of new measures of arm coordination impairment in Wheelchair Rugby.

Altmann, Viola C.

Groen, Brenda E.

Groeneweg, Sascha

van der Weijde, Gonnie

Keijsers, Noël L.W.


99-108 Developing additional competition classes for athletes with intellectual impairments: Conceptual approach and efficacy of an ICF derived measure.

Lemmey, Suzie

Burns, Jan

Jones, Fergal


109-115 Performance analysis of Paralympic 2.4mR class sailing.

Caraballo, Israel

Cruz-Leon, Carolina

Pérez-Bey, Alejandro

Gutiérrez-Manzanedo, José V.


116-124 The importance of pacing in basketball players with intellectual impairment: Input for evidence-based classification.

Khudair, M.

van Biesen, D.

Pérez-Tejero, J.

Hettinga, F. J.


125-131 Effect of vision impairment on match-related performance and technical variation in attacking moves in Paralympic judo.

Kons, Rafael

Krabben, Kai

Mann, David L.

Detanico, Daniele


132-139 Optimising classification of proximal arm strength impairment in wheelchair rugby: A proof of concept study.

Mason, Barry S.

Altmann, Viola C.

Hutchinson, Michael J.

Petrone, Nicola

Bettella, Francesco

Goosey-Tolfrey, Victoria L.


140-149 Is impaired coordination related to match physical load in footballers with cerebral palsy of different sport classes?

Reina, Raúl

Iturricastillo, Aitor

Castillo, Daniel

Roldan, Alba

Toledo, Carlos

Yanci, Javier


150-158 Do visual fields need to be considered in classification criteria within visually impaired shooting?

Latham, Keziah

Mann, David L.

Dolan, Rebecca

Myint, Joy

Timmis, Matthew A.

Ryu, Donghyun

Frisson, Steven

Allen, Peter M.


159-166 Cluster analysis of impairment measures to inform an evidence-based classification structure in RaceRunning, a new World Para Athletics event for athletes with hypertonia, ataxia or athetosis.

van der Linden, Marietta L.

Corrigan, Orla

Tennant, Nicola

Verheul, Martine H. G.


167-187 Exploration of the minimum visual disability criteria for Para nordic and Para alpine skiing using simulated vision impairments.

Stalin, Amritha

Dalton, Kristine


188-197 May the best-sighted win? The relationship between visual function and performance in Para judo.

Krabben, Kai

Mashkovskiy, Evgeny

Ravensbergen, H. J. C.

Mann, David L.


198-208 Perspectives of a new sport-specific Para Shooting classification system for athletes with vision impairment.

Allen, Peter M.

Mann, David L.

van der Linde, Ian

Beukes, Eldré W.